The birth of the Savonlinna Opera Festival ties in closely with the emerging Finnish identity and Finland’s striving for independence at the beginning of the 20th century. Attending a political meeting in Olavinlinna Castle in 1907 (the year in which Finland democratically elected its first Parliament by universal suffrage), the Finnish soprano Aino Ackté, already famous at opera houses the world over and an ardent patriot, immediately spotted the potential of the medieval castle built in 1475 as the venue for an opera festival. The romantic castle set amid lake scenery of ‘supernatural beauty’ could not, in her opinion, fail to impress all who beheld it and was thus the perfect stage for the Finnish music just bursting into flower.
The first Opera Festival was held in summer 1912. Aino Ackté did as she had promised and turned the castle into a stronghold of operatic art. Five operas were performed in the castle over five summers – virtually all the ones so far composed in Finland. In 1930 the Festival went on to stage its first world premiere, the Singspiel Talkootanssit (The Village Dance) by Ilmari Hannikainen. The only opera by a non-Finnish composer was Charles Gounod’s Faust; a natural choice in that the leading female role of Marguerite was one in which Ackté had excelled on the world’s great opera stages. Her magnificent plans were, however, soon dashed by the First World War, the Russian Revolution, Finland’s Civil War and the ensuing economic difficulties, but news of the Festival had already reached opera lovers in other parts of the world.
The Opera Festival tradition then lay dormant for close on four decades. The first plans for its resurrection were made in the early 1960s. The Savonlinna Music Days held from 1955 onwards had introduced an opera course in 1962 and one of the teachers on the course, the Viennese Kammersänger Peter Klein, suggested that Olavinlinna Castle would be perfect for an opera-course performance. Over several summers the idea matured in the minds of not only Peter Klein but also of Savonlinna opera activists Viljo Virtanen, Pentti Savolainen and Pertti Mutka. The ideas and plans of this Finnish-Austrian quartet became increasingly ambitious and the four finally decided on a performance of Beethoven’s Fidelio with two casts: one of students on the course and the other of top Finnish soloists. The years of planning culminated in 1967 in the televised premiere of Fidelio to a packed auditorium in the castle courtyard. Honouring the occasion with his presence was the then President of Finland, Urho Kekkonen. The Savonlinna Opera Festival had made a superb come-back!
Over the years, the Savonlinna Opera Festival has grown from a one-week event into an international festival lasting a month. Each year it performs to a total audience of around 60,000, a good 10 per cent from abroad. Savonlinna has become a byword among opera lovers the world over. Its artistic standard was already attracting widespread interest and admiration back in the 1970s, due greatly to the unstinting efforts of its Artistic Director, the world-famous bass singer Martti Talvela, to achieve the same objective as Aino Ackté in her day: to place Savonlinna on an artistic par with the great European festivals while presenting the world with Finnish opera at its very best.
Twelve premieres already since The Village Dance
Twelve operas have had their premieres at the Savonlinna Opera Festival since 1967: The Horseman (1975), The King Goes Forth To France (1984, commissioned jointly by Covent Garden and the BBC) and The Palace (1995) by Aulis Sallinen, The Knife (1989) by Paavo Heininen, Aleksis Kivi (1997) by Einojuhani Rautavaara, and the unique three-act Age Of Dreams (2000) by Herman Rechberger, Olli Kortekangas and Kalevi Aho.
Then in summer 2004 the Festival took a significant artistic step on staging the family opera The Canine Kalevala by Jaakko Kuusisto. This was followed in 2006 by another family opera, One Spooky Night by Jukka Linkola. The 2007 season saw the premiere of the opera Daddy’s Girl by Olli Kortekangas marking 100 years of Finland’s Parliament, and the 2008 season the third and last part of the trilogy based on the books by Mauri Kunnas: The Seven Dog Brothers by Markus Fagerudd.
In summer 2012, the Savonlinna Opera Festival celebrated its 100th anniversary with not one but two premieres, both pioneers in the Festival’s programming. Kimmo Hakola’s La Fenice was the first Finnish opera with a libretto in Italian, and Free Will, sung in English and created and for the most part realised by the international Opera by You platform was, by nature of its unique genesis alone, the most international opera project of all time.
The premiere for the 2013 season, Timo-Juhani Kyllönen’s The Seal, in its own way continues along the path mapped out by Free Will in its use of crowd-sourcing. The original ideas for the story and its visualisation were provided by Finnish junior-school pupils and processed by a team of experts.
Each year the Festival has, in addition, staged its own productions of leading works from the classical operatic repertoire. August Everding’s legendary direction of Mozart’s The Magic Flute has become the flagship production of both the Savonlinna Opera Festival and of Finnish operatic art in general. Between 1973 and 2012 it was on the programme for 24 summers and has been seen by at least two generations of opera audiences.
Visiting opera houses from all over the world
The Savonlinna Opera Festival has also been acting host to foreign opera companies since 1987. The first of these was the Estonia Theatre from nearby Tallinn. Over the years Savonlinna has welcomed guests from Asia (The Central Opera of China in 1988, the Tokyo Nikiki Opera Theatre in 1990, the New Israeli Opera in 2000, the Shanghai Opera House in 2008), North America (Los Angeles Opera in 2001), South America (the Teatro Municipal de Santiago from Chile in 2003) and many leading European opera houses. The world-famous Mariinsky Theatre from St. Petersburg appeared at the Festival for three summers (1995–1997). Other guests on the Olavinlinna stage have included the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden from London (1998), the Opéra national du Rhin from Strasbourg (1999), the Deutsche Oper am Rhein (2002), the Latvian National Opera (2004), the Gran Teatre del Liceu from Barcelona (2005), the Teatro Comunale di Bologna (2006), the Bolshoi Theatre of Russia from Moscow (2007) and the Teatro Massimo di Palermo (2009). The Royal Swedish Opera has twice visited Savonlinna from neighbouring Sweden (1989 and 2010) and last season culminated in performances by Den Norske Opera & Ballett from Oslo. 2013 year’s guest is the Mikhailovsky Theatre from St. Petersburg, and 2014 year’s comes from the UK.
SOF productions abroad
The Festival has likewise taken some of its own productions abroad. Its highly-acclaimed Flying Dutchman visited Spain in 1997, and Rautavaara’s Aleksis Kivi went on tour to France in 1998 and Italy in 1999. La forza del destino was staged at Dalhalla in Sweden in 2000 and at the Caesarean Festival in 2001, Macbeth at Dalhalla in 2001 and in Chile in 2003, Rigoletto at Dalhalla and at Hedeland in Denmark in 2002. The following year, productions travelled in two directions: Turandot for a concert performance in Singapore and The Flying Dutchman at Hedeland. In 2004 the visit was to Dalhalla in neighbouring Sweden, with the double billing of Cavalleria rusticana and Pagliacci. In autumn 2006 the Savonlinna Opera Festival took The Horseman to the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow. The most recent visit was in October 2009 – a performance of Verdi’s Macbeth at the Beijing Music Festival.
The Savonlinna Opera Festival has become one of the most illustrious fixtures in the Finnish cultural calendar, and an event of the greatest international significance. Aino Ackté was right: first-class opera in a romantic, medieval castle amid lake scenery of ‘supernatural beauty’ is a unique and hence unforgettable.